Unfortunately, his dreams are dashed by the war, where he undergoes a leg amputation and then dies. One by one, Paul sees his comrades die; he also stabs a French soldier, a death that torments him profoundly. Müller is forward-thinking and a meticulous planner, often saving food, cigarettes, and other rations for when they might be needed most. He feels dislocated from his past, but can conceive of no possible future for himself. Paul, speaking here, shares his disillusionment with what adults in his hometown said the war would be - a patriotic and heroic affair - and what it actually is - brutal and dehumanizing. This conveys the idea that the soldiers feel as though they are not fighting for themselves at all, but solely for the government. Paul's Mother She is a self-sacrificing and long-suffering woman who tries to give Paul what he needs, including potato cakes, whortleberry jam, and warm woolen underpants.
This book was definitely autobiographical in an indirect way. Futility of war - makes the reader question why Paul died and what the purpose in hit death is, especially in the calm circumstances. As a result, the tormentor is sent to the front to fight alongside the men he intimidated with his petty drills and sadistic punishments. Before the war, Himmelstoss was a postman. Paul Bäumer beats him because of it and when a lieutenant comes along looking for men for a trench charge, Himmelstoss joins and leads the charge.
Paul refers to a machine gun as barking, but it is silenced by a bomb. It stars , , , , and. But even amid the squalor and carnage, the youth retains his humanity and reaches out for a symbol of beauty. Kropp and Bäumer part ways when Bäumer is recalled to his regiment after recovering. Earth with thy folds, and hollows, and holes, into which a man may fling himself and crouch down! A ruthless disciplinarian in the training platoon Paul and his classmates originally joined, Himmelstoss delights in humiliating the inferior-ranking soldiers, especially Tjaden. Remarque harshly critiques nationalism through the Paul and the other soldiers, who recognize that their real enemies are not across the trenches, but in high offices in their own country. His account of the war is a bitter invective against sentimental, romantic ideals of warfare.
Remarque allows Himmelstoss a reprieve from ignominy in Chapter 7, after he replaces Ginger the cook. A peacetime cobbler, Kat has a knack for making shrewd trades and scrounging up food in seemingly impossible situations. In camaraderie, the author suggests, is salvation. Together, Paul and his sister wait in line for meat scraps, but come home empty-handed. Please read on to learn about some of the major characters and important quotes from the novel! He feels betrayed by his elders, who have pushed Paul and the German youth into fighting for a cause they have no stake in. However, he is killed before he can be rescued.
Explaining his retention of the original book-title, he says: Although it does not match the German exactly, Wheen's title has justly become part of the English language and is retained here with gratitude. Paul later discovers that Duval is a printer and has a wife and daughter. This is a continuing problem even today, with re-integrating soldiers from Iraq and Afghanistan into work, school, and home life, and can be thought of as one of the biggest issues besides death that a soldier faces when serving in war. Müller A physics-inclined academic from Paul's class, Müller appears crass for wanting the dying Kemmerich's boots, but he is only pragmatic, as all soldiers are. Both he and Bäumer end up spending time in a hospital together, Bäumer suffering from shrapnel wounds to the leg and arm. Albert Kropp kruhp The best student in Paul's class, he joins Paul in rebelling against Himmelstoss' bullying. The reader may be shocked by the offhand manner in which Paul describes casualties, but he has reason to do so.
How can it be that I must part from you? Throughout the story, the author demonstrates the undying loyalty that grows between the protagonist and his friends, specifically Kat, another member of the Second Company. Mittlestaedt A former classmate of Paul's, Mittlestaedt ends up in charge of Kantorek and gleefully lords his power over his former schoolteacher. She later receives treatment for cancer at a charity ward in Luisa Hospital. Paul also exhibits increasingly anti-nationalistic sentiments as the novel progresses, and his recognition of the arbitrariness of war allows him to grow closer to the Russians in an adjacent prison camp, and to the Frenchman he kills in a shell-hole. In addition, the men enjoy themselves while living off the spoils from the village and officers' luxuries from the supply depot such as fine cigars. Destructiveness of war - wars destruction goes as far to the extent of like itself. His account of the war is a bitter invective against sentimental, romantic ideals of warfare.
Katczinsky was a cobbler in civilian life; he is older than Paul Bäumer and his comrades, about 40 years old, and serves as their leadership figure. Stanislaus Katczinsky Kat, as he is known, is the wise, 40-year-old unofficial leader of Paul's company. Blinded on the battlefield, Joseph wanders helplessly into the line of fire and becomes the first of his classmates to die. Three French Girls Occupants of a house across the canal from Paul's billet, the girls, unable to buy food, welcome soldiers who pay their way with army rations. He eases their minds during the bombardment.
They start into their food reserves to quell hunger. The more terrifying part of his and the typical soldier's alienation, however, is in the way Paul must dull his feelings. Albert is promoted to lance corporal, then threatens suicide after his leg is amputated at thigh level. He eases their minds during the bombardment. Their own guns are wearing out — this last day their own guns wounded two of their own men. The patriotic speeches of his teacher Kantorek had led the whole class to volunteer for military service shortly after the start of. Turning him over one saw that he could not have suffered long; his face had an expression of calm, as though almost glad the end had come.
As a member of the local reserves, he is a poor soldier. Haie Westhus Haie is another young man who has simple dreams of owning a farm after the war. He appears in the sequel,. GradeSaver, 30 June 2002 Web. He notes that if he were not on auto-pilot mode, he would not be able to do this. He doles out light punishment for Tjaden and Kropp and demonstrates heroism by knocking out an advancing flamethrower. As in the case of most of the characters in the novel, he is another example of someone without a future who simply exists in a meaningless world.
How can a man take all that stuff seriously when he's once been out here? A former locksmith, Tjaden is unable to control his urine during sleep and draws ridicule from Himmelstoss. They are supposed to be in an offensive, but Himmelstoss cowers with a small scratch, pretending to be wounded. But the enemy is suffering many casualties; they did not seem to count on such fierce, animalistic resistance. He is taught that nationalism is a glorified version of war and defending your country. His men have a great respect for him, and Bertinck has great respect for his men. After the Frenchman dies, he searches his wallet for an address and finds letters and pictures of his wife and child.