The positive + side of the battery is the original voltage source, and ground is any return path to the negative - side of the bat- tery, whether through the wiring harness or the car body. When working under the hood, iender covers will protectthe finish from scratches and otherdamage. If necessary, use a flat board or similar solid object to provide a firm footing. Some gaskets and seals are d~rectional. For components sealed with gaskets, this meth- od helps to ensure that the gasket will seal properly. Tie long hair and secure it under a cap.
We have made every effort ensure, that you are able to find what you need, in this Owner's Manual quickly, topics is by using detailed index. Note that it is not possible to anticipate all of the ways or conditions under which vehicles may be serviced or to provide cautions as to all of the possible hazards that may result. Seals should never be reused once they have been removed. Many ac- cidents happen because of carelessness. Take precautions to avoid spraying fuel. If using a light with a normal incandescent bulb, use rough service bulbs to avoid breakage.
For cleaning parts prior to assembly, commercially available aerosol cans of parts cleaner or brake cleaner are handy to use, and the cleaner will evaporate completely. The next seven sections 1 through 7 are repair based and organized by three digit repair groups. Make sure the wire is clean and free of solder flux or other contamination. Any nearby source of ignition may cause the battery to explode. Crimped on orsoldered-on connectors are best. If a proper size seal driver is not available, a socket of the right size will do. The jack supplied with the car can only be used at the four side points arrows just behind the front wheels or just in front of the rear wheels.
Read procedures through be- fore starting them. The exhaust should be vented to the outside. By switching to recognized highquality brand, failure to comply with these recommendations may result unscheduled, safety rules when you handling, for your own safety, use genuine. Use jack stands designed to support the car. As the car is raised, it may roll sliahtlv and the jack mav shift. Severe injury can result from these things being caugiit in rotating parts. Use a seal driver that is the same diameter as the seal housing to gently and evenly install into place.
Crimp connectors and special crimping pliers are widely available. Forthis reason, gaskets should not be reused. Always use a solder made specifically for electrical work rosin core. Raising car - Park car on flat, level surface. When raising the car using a floorjack or hydraulic lift, carefully position the jack pad to prevent damaging the car body.
Failure to replace these fasteners could cause personal injury orvehi- cle damage. This Owner's Manual should be regarded as a permanent part of vehicle, vehicle is sold, the manual should remain in the car to furnish the next owner with, source of important information on operation, safety maintenance procedures, this manual is supplemented by a Service Warranty Information booklet. Watch to make sure that the jack stands do not tip or lean as the car settles on them. Accidental electrical contact may damage the electrical system or cause a fire. These very important headings have different meanings. A fluorescent type light is best because it gives off less heat. The next best alternative is electrical tape.
Working under car - Disconnect negative - cable from battery so that car cannot be started. Once agasket has been used, it is no longer capable ;f malting as good a seal as when new, and is much more likely to leak. Workshop practices Keeping things organized, neat, and clean is essential to do- ing a good job. Fora listing of the common wrenches used on various bolt diameters, see Basic tool requirements. Do not use wood, concrete blocks, or bricks to support a ca,: Wood may split Blocks and bricks, while strong, are not designed for that kind of load, and may break or - Place jaclc stands on firm, solid surface. Such special conditions are noted in the text, and the necessary sequence is described or illustrated. Hydrogen gas emitted by the battery is highly flammable.
Use connectors that are designed for the purpose. They may fallinto confinedspaces and be difficult to retrieve, become caught in belts or other rotating parts when the engine is started, or cause electrical shorts and damage to the electrical system. Remove all neckties, scarfs, loose clothing, or jewelry when working near a running engine or power tools. These include but are not limited to: bolts, nuts self-locking, nylock, etc. Pay attention and stick to the safety rules in this manual. Any repair job will be less troublesome if the parts are clean For cleaning old parts, there are many solvents and parts cleaners commercially available.
Safety Although an automobile presents many hazards, common sense and good equipment can help ensure safety. Do not use these products indoors or near any source of heat, sparks or flame. Never work undera car that is supported only by a jaclc. General bolt tightening torques in Nm max. When rernovlng a seal, be careful not to damage the metal surfaces. When working around fuel, do not smoke or work near heaters or other fire hazards.